Medical Waste Company

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Due to the problems with medical waste that developed in the 80’s, Congress enacted the Medical Waste Tracking Act. As an amendment to the Solid Waste Disposal Act, the movement was created to control the processes of medical waste handling and develop a system that would enable the government the ability to monitor the activities of the medical waste sources.

Some of the various types of medical waste products that pose a potential threat to the public are listed below:

  • Blood and Blood Products – Substances or materials that are contaminated with blood or Blood in its liquid state.
  • Pathological Waste - Body parts and human tissue, organs, bone, and fluids.
  • Cultures and Biologicals – Discarded stock and cultures, live or attenuated vaccines.
  • Contaminated Animal Parts and Bedding – discarded contaminated animal parts, carcasses, bedding and material that have been exposed to pathogens.
  • Sharps – Discarded medical devices that may cause punctures such as needles, medical glassware, scalpels, razors, syringes.
  • Biotechnology By-Products - Any discarded preparations made from genetically altered living organisms and their products.

Historically, the EPA was the main agency in control of matters that dealt with medical waste management. However, today the role has been relegated to OSHA. It was found that the primary focus for medical waste was an occupational concern more than that of an environmental one. The responsibility of medical waste has generally been segmented into several agencies based on the roles of the sources and each state has adopted their own laws regarding medical waste regulation. Some states model their rules closely to those of the RCRA and some bare little if and resemblance what so ever.

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Definition:   Medical waste is generally defined under state regulations. Medical waste is often described as any solid waste that is generated in the diagnosis, treatment, or immunization of human beings or animals, in research pertaining thereto, or in the production or testing of biologicals, including but not limited to:

  • blood-soaked bandages culture dishes and other glassware discarded surgical gloves - after surgery discarded surgical instruments - scalpels needles - used to give shots or draw blood cultures, stocks, swabs used to innoculate cultures removed body organs - tonsils, appendices, limbs, etc.
  • lancets - the little blades the doctor pricks your finger with to get a drop of blood

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EPA Regulations

EPA has regulations governing emissions from Hospital/Medical/Infectious Waste Incinerators as well as requirements under the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide and Rodenticide Act (FIFRA) for medical waste treatment technologies which use chemicals for treating the waste.

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State Regulations

Medical Waste disposal is regulated at the state level and we recommend that you look at either the State Laws & Regulations to see what laws apply in your state, or visit the links below:


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